Excretion of Doshas through the mouth by administration f emetic drugs is called vamana.
This is the best therapy for vitiation of Kapha.
Excretion of Doshas through the anus by the administration of laxative s and
purgatives is Virechana. This is a specific process for elimination of Pitta-dosha.
This is the purificatory process in which suitable medicated decoction mixed with honey ,
salt oil and a paste of certain drugs or medicated oil alone is filled into a bladder
and pushed up into the anus through a nozzle. It is called kashaya-vasti when an
admixture of decoction and other drugs is used and Anuwasana - vasti or sneha-vasti
refers to the administration of drugs through the penis or vagina. This is a therapy of utmost
importance and should be done carefully with all necessary precautions. This is the best
treatment for vitiation of vata. 4.Nasya: It is the process of administration of medicines
through the nostrils and is specifically indicated for treatment of the diseases of the head.
The process of taking out blood from the body is known as Rektamoksha or
blood letting. This technique is adopted in instances of impure blood for
managing diseases caused by Rakta and Pitta. This is done either by cutting the
vessels by sharp instruments or application of leeches or by suction with the help of
horns etc. It is to be noted that `Snehana' and `swedana' which go by name of Purvakarma
are necessary precedents o f any of the Panchakarma.
As outlined elsewhere, the practice of Ayurveda in Kerala has evolved as a class of its
own and in a sense become the hallmark of Ayurvedic treatment itself. There has been a lot
of interest and appreciation for these techniques in India and abroad for the simple reason
that they have proved to be out-standing in efficacy. An attempt is made here to briefly
outline the special techniques of Kerala in vogue today.
Herein, the whole body or any specific part thereof is made to perspire
by the application of medicinal puddings externally in the form of bolus tied up in a muslin
bag. The method has been prevalent in Kerala from tome immemorial and is still in
practice. The body must be well anointed before it is subjected to heat and diaphoresis.
Generally a course of this treatment lasts for 7 days, 14 days or 21 days. Great restrictions
are to be observed during these days of actual treatment as well as for an equal number of
f days thereafter in respect of diet as well as physical and mental exertion of every type.
This is the process of including perspiration on a well anointed person with the help of
bolus containing fried leaves of medicinal plants along with pieces of lemon, turmeric
powder etc dipped into a vessel containing warm oil.
In this process the bolus containing powdered drugs is warmed by dipping in warm oil
and gently massaged over the body to induce perspiration.
It is the process by which the body is made to perspire by means of application of
warm medicated oils. Warm oil is poured on the body by dipping pieces of clean
cloth in the warm oil and squeezing the cloth over b the body or by the use of small handy
undies at a medium speed.
In this process imedicated oil is allowed to remain o n the head for a prescribed period with
the help of a cap-like contraption without top. The prescribed medicated oil is warmed to
body temperature and slowly poured into o this cap with the patient sitting on a stool of knee
It is the process in which medicated oils, milk or butter milk, is poured in a continuous stream
on the head especially on the forehead in a specific manner.